Fulvia c. 83 BC – 40 BC. The first Roman non-mythological woman to appear on Roman coins.
The Lancia Fulvia (Tipo 818) was produced by Lancia between 1963 and 1976. Named after Via Fulvia, the Roman road leading from Tortona to Turin, it was introduced at the Geneva Motor show in 1963 and manufactured in three variants: Berlina 4-door salon (designed by Antonio Fessia), the 2-door Coupé, and Sport, an alternative fastback coupé designed and built by Zagato on the Coupé floorpan. The Fulvia coupe was designed in-house by Lancia’s official stylist Piero Castagnero of Lancia Centro Stile and Lancia’s engineering design department headed by Aldo Castagno.
Castagnero’s perfectly proportioned in-house body (inspired by the sublime Riva Aquarama), Fessia’s front wheel drive mated to the narrow angle V4, penned by Ettore Zaccone Mina and the last iteration of the Lancia/Jano/De Virgilio/Mulazanni engineering genius produced a beautiful, understated masterpiece.
Lancia’s final V4 series were used in the Fulvia remaining in production up until 1976. It used a narrow angle (13°) and was mounted well forward at a 45° angle. The engine was a true DOHC design with one camshaft operating all intake valves and another operating all exhaust valves.
Displacement began at just 1.1 L; 66.6 cu in (1,091 cc) with 59 hp (44 kW; 60 PS) with a 72 mm × 67 mm (2.83 in × 2.64 in) bore and stroke. A higher (9.0:1) compression ratio raised power to 71 hp (53 kW; 72 PS) soon after.
The engine was bored to 76 mm (2.99 in) to enlarge engine displacement to 1.2 L; 74.2 cu in (1,216 cc) for the Coupé model. This, and some tuning, raised output to 80 hp (60 kW; 81 PS), further enhanced up to 88 hp (66 kW; 89 PS) for the HF model.